Notes on Metamaterials
by @StudyofUAPs (with assistance from @EngagingThe )
YouTube, DIRDs, Nolan and Vallee Presentation, Weinstein Puthoff discussion, Garry Nolan interviews, implant analysis, Duke University:
From Peter A. Sturrock in the Journal of Scientific Exploration Vol 15 number 1, 2001: Composition Analysis of the Brazil Magnesium
Samples of an alleged UFO that crashed in Brazil are analyzed. They exchanged hands and was analyzed by APRO (the organization that MUFON branched off from). The samples were also analyzed by NASA and other labs Peter Sturrock sent them to. These samples are considered significant as they were also analyzed by the Colorado Project (for the Condon Report).
One sample was damaged when evaluated by a lab that APRO had hired.
In one sample (on loan to Sturrock), the following impurities were identified: titanium, chromium, iron, cobalt, selenium, strontium, yttrium, niobium, palladium and barium. The significant amounts of both barium and strontium caused examiners some confusion. Examiners were unsure as to why these elements would be present and purposefully added. Strontium was especially considered odd as it is not a natural impurity in magnesium and would likely have been added during manufacture. The isotopes were not considered unusual per instruments of the time. The coloring (gray-white) of the sample is considered to be caused by the sample first being very hot then be dropped into saltwater.
In another sample, the examiner considers the (primarily magnesium) sample to have an unusual structure. Iron, zinc, and calcium were identified in the sample. This sample was lost after being picked up by someone who claimed to be from IBM. A possible predecessor to Sputnik is considered for this sample, but the Russian's claim their satellite was primarily made with aluminum alloy. Not magnesium.
Calcium, chlorine, iron, silicon and titanium, and magnesium were identified in another sample.
Sturrock considers the exposure to various labs and treatment as the samples continue to be analyzed repeatedly. Surface impurities are considered: "As in our analysis of the surface composition, we note that the major impurities are calcium, strontium and barium, in that order."
Sturrock used manufactured, pure-magnesium to help with comparisons for the samples.
Sturrock also used Russian magnesium samples for comparison (to further rule-out a predecessor to Sputnik): "Solikamsk magnesium has very low impurity levels, comparable with those of the ALFA specimen. It is notable that there is no trace of either strontium or barium in the Solikamsk magnesium. "
Sturrock concludes with some uncertainty regarding the isotope analysis, a desire or further analysis (especially of the surface elements), and with no identified origin of the materials.
From Pierre Kaufman and Peter A. Sturrock PDF of the Journal of Scientific Exploration Vol 18 number 2, 2004: On Events Possibly Related to the Brazil Magnesium
An analysis of the Ubatuba samples. It is emphasized that these samples were considered during the Colorado Project (for the Condon Report).
The article discusses the possible crash origins of the samples (as seen by several witnesses). Both a potential meteorite from the 30s and a crashed aircraft from 1957 are considered.
One sample (taken from a fishing net) was found to be of an unusual purity and primarily magnesium. It was analyzed with a spectrograph.
From the Garry Nolan and Vallee Presentation in Paris, 2007: What Do We Know About the Material Composition of UFOs
Materials have been found in 3 categories: Object ejections, implants, and large pieces found in crash retrievals. The presentation focused on ejections, debris, and Ubatuba sample analysis.
Elements detected: Magnesium, Phosphorus, Iron, Tin, Strontium, Calcium, Barium, Aluminum, Nickel, Chromium, Manganese, Silicium/Silicon, Vanadium, Copper, Zinc, Titanium, and Sodium, (some, like Sodium and Silicon, may be due to where the ejection landed and was retrieved from: the ocean or sand)
Object debris ejections were reported by witnesses as: silvery liquid, spouts of liquid, molten, "boiling down" from object. These ejections may stay hot for hours and require an oven for retrieval.
The isotope ratios appear non-natural in some samples.
From The UFO Partisan: The Science Behind the Pentagon UFO Study
Garry Nolan states "These are not your grandma's alloys."
Nolan explains how complicated these metamaterials are and how they indicate the use of the full range of isotopes.
Some basic understanding of isotopes is discussed and Nolan states, "Significant variations in isotope ratios imply either engineering of the ratios for a purpose, or that the materials came from somewhere that does not "play by our rules". "
Nolan explains that his interest in the topic is, "quantum microscopes and how they might manage properties of electromagnetism and entanglement." He does not work on memory metal concepts, per se.
From the Garry Nolan in interview with Jesse Michels, 2022: Stanford Professor Claims to Have UFO Parts
The Nolan Research Lab at Stanford has examined several samples (in addition to the Brazilian samples). Spectrometry was used to analyze the debris.
The instrument was able to determine that magnesium ratios were "way off" and non-natural in one sample. It would require a lot of money to replicate this and the reason to do so is unclear.
The possibility that the objects are living and not technological is considered.
Nolan refers to some of the ejected debris as being like "exhaust."
The isotope ratios may have something to do with what the pieces can do.
Some elements were mixed with earth-like ratios. The combination is considered odd.
Additional element detected: Bismuth.
Puthoff added that the debris had multiple layers, and had micron sized layers. "It reduces the size of the required wave guide for terahertz frequencies to 1/30th of the wavelength." Which increases the amount of wave guides that can be used.
Terahertz can "pack in more information, faster, further," per Nolan.